注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

奥林国际英语

人格魅力来自于完善的人格,真诚待人,恪守信义则是赢得人心,产生吸引力的必要前提!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

such、so 的用法  

2015-12-22 06:25:49|  分类: 英语收藏 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自sanfecathy《such、so 的用法》
such、so 的用法 - 奥林国际英语 - 奥林国际英语

 (一)

两者都可表示“这样”、“如此”之意。

so为副词,用来修饰形容词或副词,即:so+adj. / adv.

such为形容词,用来修饰名词,即:such+n.。

如果修饰单数可数名词(名词前有形容词修饰),须把不定冠词a或an置于such的后面,形容词的前面,即:such+a+adj.+n.。如:

Why did he come home so late? 为什么他回家这么晚?

I'm afraid I can't remember —it was such a long time ago.

很抱歉,我想不起来了——那是很久以前的事了。

此外,当such修饰带形容词的单数可数名词时,such+a+adj.+n.可替换成so+

adj.+a+n.;

当many, much, few, little这些表示“多”、“少”的不定量的形容词修饰复数名词或不可数名词,构成名词短语时,一般只能用so修饰,不能用such修饰。如:

She is such a nice girl that our teacher likes her very much.

= She is so nice a girl that our teacher likes her very much.

她真是个好女孩,我们的老师很喜欢她。

There are so many flowers in the garden. 花园里有这么多花!

 

(二)

Sosuch是英语中两个常用词.这两个词的用法很多,且易混淆,初学英语者往往搞不清楚,因而使用是经常出错.本文就它的一些用法作一粗浅讨论.讨论主要以分析实例进行.
首先,我们应该弄清so是副词,修饰形容词和副词,在句中充当状语.Such为形容词修饰名词,在句中作定语,请看下面几个句子.
 The fish is so long.
 Don't drive so fast, it's dangerous.
 Fred is so good a man.
 It was such interesting meeting.
 There were such a lot of people.
以上句子中,,句比较简单,so为副词,分别修饰形容词long和副词fast.句中的so修饰good,可用形容词such改为:
Fred is such a good man.
这句话和原句的意义不变,但用so要用so+adj+a/an+n.的结构来表达.such需用such+a/an+adj+n.的结构来表达.句中仍可按的形式表达,但也可写成:
The meeting was so interesting.
其句意不变.句中的such也可换为so,但更据习惯搭配,应将a lot of 变为many为宜,如其后所修析的名词为不可数名词,还需将a lot of改为much.:
With such a lot of time,they should have finished their homework 
so则为:
With so much time, they so have finished their homework. 
因此遇到这种情况,我们可将such+a lot of+n.结构变为so+many/much+n.结构
再看这样一个句子:
The enemy scattered in such a hurry.
可改为:The enemy scattered so hurriedly.又如
The plane flies at such a speed.
则可写成:The plane flies so fast.
这样的句子为such+a/an+n结构,改为so+adv结构其义不变.
so……that—clause中和such……that---clause,我们也可参照以上的结构来进行转换.
下面我再就sosuch的其它用法作一讨论.
先看so的一个用法:替代.
I enjoyed the music and so did my wife.
If my brother is allowed to go out, so should I be.0
You are young, so am I
 I love sport. So do you.
She will learn English, and so shall I, and so will her sister.
A组五个句子,都表示前面的情况也适合后者的情况,但主语不指同一人.需用下面的结构表达:
So+ be/have/do/助动词+主语
Tomorrow will be your birthday. You are right, so it will.
It was cold yesterday. Yes, so it was.
Father, you promised to buy it for me.
I hoped to win and so I shall.
Bso所引起的句子,实际上是对前面句意的重复,从语气上更加肯定前句的意思,肯定无疑,信十足.在这种句子中,主语所指相同,那么应用下面结构来表达:
So+主语+be/have/do/助动词
A,B两组句子,我们不难看出,在这种结构中,so替代的不外乎三种情况:谓语,谓语的一部分或非谓语动词短语.
再看such作代词的一个用法.
在英语学习中,我们会碰到如下的句子:
① Such were the results.
② Such is his fate.
③ Such are the facts.
好多书中谈及such是作主语.但是,我也注意到要such之后的be是随着其后的形式而变化的.我认为似乎作表语更容易理解些.如下面的句子:
④ Such is life.
⑤ Such were his words.
⑥ Such is her reward.
以上三例均出自《牛津现代高级英汉双解辞典》,它指明such在此均作表语使用.另陕西人民出版社出版的《简明英语语法》也有同样的观点:
Such is the power of the press; such the state of man.
由此看来,such在这种句子中作表语讲要好些,从语法角度也更好解释.
so big a bag =such a big bag

 

so与such巧分辨 

       so与such都有“如此、这么、那么”的意思,可进行同义改写,但用法不同。

  1. so是副词,修饰形容词和副词;而such是形容词,修饰名词。它们后面接单数可数名词时,词序不同。

       so的词序为:so+ adj. + a(an) + n.

       such的词序为:such +a(an) +adj. + n.

       它们可以表达同样的意思,因此它们可以进行同义改写。

       so nice a coat =such a nice coat  这么漂亮的一件外套

       so interesting a book = such an interesting book 那么有趣的一本书

       补给站:后面接复数名词或不可数名词时,只能用such,而不能用so。如:

       such beautiful flowers 这么美丽的花

       such clever children 如此聪明的孩子

       但是,复数名词或不可数名词前有many,few,much,little修饰时,只能用so而不能用such,这是一种固定用法。如:

       so many books 这么多书

       so few people 这么少的人

       so much money 那么多的钱

       so little milk 那么少的牛奶

  2. 和“that”连用时,意思基本一样,但句型结构不同。“so…that…”句型结构为:

       so + adj. (adv.) +that…

       so + adj. +a(an)+单数n. +that…

       so +many(few)+复数n. +that…

       so +much(little)+不可数n. +that…如:

       This book is so interesting that I have read it three times. 这本书如此有趣,我已经看了三遍。

       He spoke so fast that we couldn’t understand him. 他说得太快,我们都未能听懂他的话。

       It was so hot a day that nobody wanted to do anything. 天气很热,谁都不想干活。

       There were so many people that we could hardly move on. 这么多人,我们简直无法继续往前走。

       “such…that…”句型结构为:

       such + a (an)+adj. +单数n. +that…

       such + adj. +复数n. +that…

       such +adj. +不可数n. +that…

       She is such a pretty girl that everyone likes her. 她是个很可爱的小姑娘,大家都喜欢她。

       They are such delicious cakes that I want to eat another two. 这么可口的蛋糕,我还想再吃两块。

       It is such sweet milk that we all want to drink it. 这么香的牛奶,我们都想喝。

       补给站:由于so 和such后跟单数可数名词时,可以换用,同样“so…that…”与“such…that…”也可以进行同义句改写。如上文中:This book is so interesting that I have read it three times. 可改写成:This is such an interesting book that I have read it three times.

       It was so hot a day that nobody wanted to do anything. 可改写成:It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.

  3. so与that可以直接构成词组“so that”,引导目的和结果状语从句,表示“以便、以致”的意思。如:

       He worked hard so that he could pass the exams. 为了能通过考试,他学习很认真。(但such没有这种用法)


 

 


2014年06月03日 - sanfecathy - 2014中高考英语园地

such as用法详解

such as 和for example

so/such,so...that/such...that 用法辨析

so...that,too...to 和enough to的转换  


 


经典考题: 

一 用so和such填空。

  1. Our teacher teaches us ______ well that we are all thankful to him.

  2. I took a taxi ______ that I could catch the train.

  3. There is _______ little milk that I have to buy some.

  4. A: He left in _______ a hurry that he forgot to lock the door.

       B: He left ______ hurriedly that he forgot to lock the door.

  5. A: There are ________ many people in the street that we couldn’t move on.

       B: There are ______ a lot of people in the street that we couldn’t move on .

  6. A: It is ______ a large room that it can hold 100 people.

       B: It is _______ large a room that it can hold 100 people.

二 单选

1. There is           eating grass on the hill .

    A. so little sheep  B. so a little sheep

    C. such little sheep  D. such a little sheep

2. It was            lovely weather           we decided to have a picnic.

    A. such a; that  B. such;that  C. such;as  D. so;that 

3. It was so exciting a trip.

    It was                                    trip.

4. Our school sports meeting was             success that we enjoyed ourselves very much .

    A. such a great  B. a such great  C. so a graet  D. a so great

 

 

 

Keys:

一 1. so    2. so   3. so   4. A: such   B: so   5. A: so   B: such    6. A: such  B: so

1.D 2. B 3. such an exciting 4. A

  评论这张
 
阅读(14)| 评论(1)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017