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奥林国际英语

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【转载】高中高考英语语法:现在完成时  

2015-05-24 11:08:35|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1.   所谓点动词是指含有终止或短暂意义的动词。如:begin, end, die, buy, borrow, come, arrive, join, marry等动词。它们通常不与表示一段时间的状语连用。如:
I have bought a book.我买了一本书。
I’ve had this book for three weeks.这本书我已经买了三星期了。
    某些非延续性动词可以与since连用,表示重复的动作或状态。如:
I have met her often since I moved here.
They have gone fishing five times since last spring.
    有些非延续性动词现在完成时在否定结构中可以与since或for短语连用。如:
He has never touched beer for a whole week.
I haven't bought anything for a year.
3. has been to和has gone to的区别
has been to表示“曾经去过”说明所提及的对象一回到说话地点
has gone to表示“去……”说明所提及的对象不在说话地点。如:
I’ve been to Beijing for many times.我到过北京很多次了。
Tom has gone to Beijing and will come back next week.汤姆已到北京去了,下星期才回来。
4. have got的含义
have got形式上是现在完成时,却和have是同一个意思
She has got a slight temperature. She has a slight temperature.她有点发烧。
Have you got a new dictionary?  Do you have a new dictionary?你有一本新字典吗?
5. 注意下面各句的意思:
He has gone for two days. 他走了,将离开两天。= He has gone and will be away for two days.
She has come for a week. 她来了,要呆一个星期。= She has come and will stay here for a week.
I haven't heard from her since she lived in Nanjing. 自从她离开南京以来,我一直没有她的音信。
1.You won't know if it fits you until you ___ it on.
  A. will try B. are trying C. try D. have tried
2.It's said that he ___ sent to Australia to improve his English.
  A. would be B. was to be C. has been D. had been
3.This is the second time you ___ late this week.
  A. had arrived B. arrived C. have arrived D. arrive
4.The living standard of the people in Nanjing ___ since1983.
  A. has raised B. had been risen C. has risen D. rose
5.Mr. Smith has lived in Canada for twelve years, so he ___ life there.
  A. used to B. get used to C. got used to D. has got used to
6.Mike ___ with Jane for one year.
  A. has been in love B. has fallen in love C. has been loved D. has loved
7. Tom was said to ___ Mary for 40 years.
  A. have been married to B. have married with C. have been married with    D. had married with
8.Great changes ___ in the city, and a lot of factories ___.
  A. have been taken place, have been set up B. have taken place, have been set up
  C. have taken place, have set up                 D. were taken place, were set up
9.Robert is said ___ abroad, but I don't know what country he studied in.
  A. to have studied B. to study C. to be studying D. to have been studying
10.The price ___, but I doubt whether it will remain so.
  A. went down B. will go down C. has gone down D. was going down
 
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