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奥林国际英语

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【转载】高中高考英语语法:倒装句  

2015-05-24 11:09:19|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. 倒装句的定义
    英语最基本的词序是主语在谓语动词的前面。如果把谓语动词放在主语前面,就叫做倒装。
2. 倒装句的构成
a) 完全倒装
    将句子的主语和谓语完全颠倒过来,称之为完全倒装。例如:
Are you from here? 你是本地人吗?
Now comes the chance. 机会来了。
b) 部分倒装
    只将助动词、系动词或情态动词移至主语之前,谓语的其他部分仍保留在主语的后面,称之为部分倒装。例如:
Has “So he is.” “他又高又瘦。” “确实如此。”
3. 某些让步状语从句往往把表语提到主语前面或放在句首,以构成倒装结构。例如:
No matter how interesting the book is,he doesn''t like to read it.不管这本书多有趣,他都不想看。
However hard a solid may be,we can change its shape. 不管一个固体有多硬,我们都可以改变其形状。
Young as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他年轻,却知道很多东西。
4. 在虚拟语气中,如果非真实条件句省略if,须将主句中的were, had和should等助动词和主语颠倒形成部分倒装。例如:
Were he younger (= If he were younger), he would learn skating. 假如他年轻一些,他就会去学溜冰。
Should they forget (= If they should forget) to bring a map with them, they would get lost in the woods. 如果他们忘记带一张地图的话,他们就会在深林里迷路。
Had they realized (= If they had realized) how important the task was, they wouldn’t have refused to accept it. 假如他们认识到这个任务是多么重要的话,他们就不致于拒绝接受这项任务。
I.单项选择       从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案:
1. My brother had a cold last week, _________.
       A. so had I                B. so did I
       C. I had so                D. so I had
2. Not until _________ home __________ his parents had been ill for three days.
       A. he got; he knew            B. did he get; he knew
       C. he got; did he know        D. did he get; did he know
3. In hardly any situation ________ find her sad.
       A. that you can          B. that can you
       C. you