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奥林国际英语

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【转载】高中高考英语语法:倒装句  

2015-05-24 11:09:19|  分类: 英语语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1. 倒装句的定义
    英语最基本的词序是主语在谓语动词的前面。如果把谓语动词放在主语前面,就叫做倒装。
2. 倒装句的构成
a) 完全倒装
    将句子的主语和谓语完全颠倒过来,称之为完全倒装。例如:
Are you from here? 你是本地人吗?
Now comes the chance. 机会来了。
b) 部分倒装
    只将助动词、系动词或情态动词移至主语之前,谓语的其他部分仍保留在主语的后面,称之为部分倒装。例如:
Has “So he is.” “他又高又瘦。” “确实如此。”
3. 某些让步状语从句往往把表语提到主语前面或放在句首,以构成倒装结构。例如:
No matter how interesting the book is,he doesn''t like to read it.不管这本书多有趣,他都不想看。
However hard a solid may be,we can change its shape. 不管一个固体有多硬,我们都可以改变其形状。
Young as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他年轻,却知道很多东西。
4. 在虚拟语气中,如果非真实条件句省略if,须将主句中的were, had和should等助动词和主语颠倒形成部分倒装。例如:
Were he younger (= If he were younger), he would learn skating. 假如他年轻一些,他就会去学溜冰。
Should they forget (= If they should forget) to bring a map with them, they would get lost in the woods. 如果他们忘记带一张地图的话,他们就会在深林里迷路。
Had they realized (= If they had realized) how important the task was, they wouldn’t have refused to accept it. 假如他们认识到这个任务是多么重要的话,他们就不致于拒绝接受这项任务。
I.单项选择       从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案:
1. My brother had a cold last week, _________.
       A. so had I                B. so did I
       C. I had so                D. so I had
2. Not until _________ home __________ his parents had been ill for three days.
       A. he got; he knew            B. did he get; he knew
       C. he got; did he know        D. did he get; did he know
3. In hardly any situation ________ find her sad.
       A. that you can          B. that can you
       C. you can                 D. can you
4. Be quick! _________.
       A. The bus comes here       B. Here comes the bus
       C. The bus here comes       D. Here is the bus coming
5. In ________ and the lesson began.
       A. the teacher came   B. the teacher coming
       C. came the teacher   D. did the teacher come
6. On the wall _________ two large portraits.
       A. hangs                   B. hang      C. hanged                 D. hanging
7. --- Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother?
  --- I don''t know, _________.
       A. nor don''t I care          B. nor do I care
       C. I don''t care neither   D. neither don''t I care
8. Only when _________ how important it is to master English.
       A. did I work I realized          B. I worked did I realize
       C. did I work did I realize       D. I worked I realized
9. _______ in the darkness that he did not dare to move an inch.
       A. So frightened he was       B. So frightened was he
       C. He was frightened so       D. So he was frightened
10. _______, she is still as strong as you.
       A. As old she is          B. Old as she is
       C. As she is old         D. As old is she
II.句型转换       改写下列各句,把黑体的副词放在句首,并使主、谓语倒装:
1. I have never heard a speech as exciting as this.
2. The mark was so small that I could hardly see it.
3. I hardly turned off the light when my brother came in.
4. It has at no time been more difficult for us to pass the examination.
5. We can succeed only in this way.
6. He did not speak a word at the meeting.
7. Mary not only complained about the food, but also refused to pay for it.
8. She had no sooner begun to speak than I sensed that something was wrong.
9. Mike has helped me with my English many a time.
10.There was a sudden gust of wind and his hat went away.
答案:
I. BCDBC  BBBBB
II. 1. Never have I heard a speech as exciting as this.
2. So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.
3. Hardly did I turn off the light when my mother came in.
4. At no time has it been more difficult for us to pass the examination.
5. Only in this way can we succeed.
6. Not a word did he speak at the meeting.
7. Not only did Mary complain about the food, but also refused to pay for it.
8. No sooner had she begun to speak than I sensed that something was wrong.
9. Many a time has Mike helped me with my English.
10. There was a sudden gust of wind and away went his hat.

 
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