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奥林国际英语

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【转载】英语易混易错词汇总结(4)  

2015-05-30 12:30:04|  分类: 英语词法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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124. lose, miss

  lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing, miss the chance

125. be tired of, be tired with/from

  be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters

126. care about, care for

  care about关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies.

127. catch a cold, have a cold

  catch a cold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用,而have a cold可以

  She has had a cold for a week.

128. change for, change into

  change for调换成,change into变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice. 1

29. continue, last

  二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,last只能用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.

130. feed, raise

  feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children)

raise the family

131. go for a doctor, go to a doctor

  go for a doctor去请医生,go to a doctor去看病

132. notice, observe, catch sight of

  notice注意到,observe观察,仔细地看,catch sight of突然看到 observe the stars

133. insist on, stick to

  insist on坚持要求,后常接doing, stick to坚持, 后常接sth. stick to the plan

134. look, seem, appear

  look指从外表上看,seem指内心的判断,appear指给人以表面的印象 appear wise, look like his father

135. gather, collect

  gather把分散的东西集中到一起, collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集 collect stamps

136. mean to do, mean doing

  mean to do打算,想要做某事,mean doing意思是,意味着

By this I mean giving the students more practice.

137. die from, die of

  die from表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of表示死于疾病,饥饿, 寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold

138. pay for, pay back, pay off

  pay for为…付钱,pay back还钱,但不一定还清,pay off还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt

139. divide, separate

  divide把一个整体分成几部分,separate把连在一起的个体分开 divide the apple, separate the houses

140. arrive, get, reach

  arrive不及物动词,后接in (大地点),at(小地点),get不及物动词后接to,reach及物动词

       arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing

141. grow, plant

  grow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant移植,移栽已经长成秧苗的植物

plant the trees, trees are growing

142. manage, try

  manage to do设法做成了某事,try to do尽力去做某事但不一定成功

He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.

143. choose, select

  choose凭个人的判断力进行选择,select有目的地仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer

144. build, put up, set up, found

  build一般用语,建成,put up临时搭建,set up建成(内部的设施基本齐全), found国家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school

145. be familiar to, be familiar with

  be familiar to某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with某人熟悉某物

The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book.

146. agree with, agree to, agree on

  agree with同意某人,agree to同意某事,agree on在…上达成一致意见,主语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan

147. throw to, throw at  throw to扔到…, throw at朝…扔 He throw a stone at me.

148. receive, accept

  receive收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it.

149. wear, put on, dress

  wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时,dress接人,be dressed in, put on表动作

       It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.

150. listen, hear  listen强调动作,hear强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing.

151. look, see, watch

  look看的动作,see看的结果,watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watch TV

152. lie, lay  lie躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay平放(laid, laid) lay the book

153. work as, act as

  work as工作是…,act as充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher.

       He acts as an interpreter.

154. move, remove

  move动一动,但不一定移走,remove从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen

155. hurt, injure, wound

       hurt感情上受伤,injure事故中受伤,wound战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war.

156. turn, get, grow

       turn表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get强调变的结果,grow强调过程,逐渐的变化

       turn yellow, get tired, grow big

157. close, shut, turn off

  close和shut当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off用于指有开关的物体

Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV.

158. set out, set about, set off

指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接doing, set off 后接 for sp.

159. begin, start

begin侧重时间的开始,反义词为end,start侧重由静到动的转折,反义词为stop

Class begins at 7:30a.m.

160. happen, take place

  happen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place必然性的发生

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