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奥林国际英语

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【转载】英语易混易错词汇总结(2)  

2015-05-30 12:31:32|  分类: 英语词法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语易混易错词汇总结(2) - happyguy - 学好英语 改变人生

41. in a word, in words

 in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.

42. in place of, in the place of

 in place of代替,in the place of在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.

43. in secret, in the secret

 in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,

一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.

44. a girl, one girl

 a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?

45. take a chair, take the chair

 take a chair相当于sit down坐下,take the chair开始开会

46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea

 go to sea当海员,出航,by sea乘船,由海路, by the sea在海边 go by sea

47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher  the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher两个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is

48. in office, in the office

 in office在职的,in the office在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.

49. in bed, on the bed

 in bed卧在床上,on the bed在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.

50. in charge of, in the charge of

 in charge of管理,负责照料, in the charge of由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.

51. in class, in the class

 in class在课上,in the class在班级里 He is the best student in the class.

52. on fire, on the fire

 on fire着火,on the fire在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.

53. out of question, out of the question

 out of question毫无疑问的,out of the question不可能的

54. a second, the second

 a second又一,再一,the second第…… He won the second prize.

55. by day, by the day

 by day白天,by the day按天计算 The workers are paid by the day.

56. the people, a people

 the people指人,a people指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.

57. it, one

 it同一物体,one同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.

58. that, this

 that指代上文所提到的,this导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…

59. none, nothing, no one

 none强调有多少,nothing, no one强调有没有,nothing指物,no one指人

 --- How many…/How much…? --- None.

60. anyone, any one

 anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you

61. who, what

 who指姓名或关系,what指职业或地位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.

62. what, which

 what的选择基础是无限制的,which在一定范围内进行选择

Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?

63. other, another

 other后接名词复数,another后接名词单数 other students, another student

64. not a little, not a bit

 not a little非常,not a bit一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

65. many, much, a lot of

 many和可数名词连用,much和不可数名词连用,a lot of可数,不可数均可,但不用于否定句 I haven't many books.

66. much more…than, many more…than

 much more…than后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful

67. no, not

 no=not a/any no friend=not a/any friend no water=not any water

68. no more than, not more than

 no more than相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过

69. majority, most

 majority只能修饰可数名词,most可数不可数均可 the majority of people

70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself

 by oneself单独的,独自的,for oneself为自己,to oneself供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself.

71. at all, after all

 at all根本,全然, after all到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.

72. tall, high

 tall常指人或动物,high常指物体 He is tall.

73. fast, quickly

 fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

74. high, highly

 high具体的高,highly抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

75. healthy, healthful

 healthy健康的,健壮的,healthful有益于健康的 healthful exercise

76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy

 sleeping正在睡觉,asleep睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy困的,有睡意的

a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.

77. gold, golden

 gold指真金制品,golden指金色的,但金鱼用gold fish a gold ring

78. most, mostly

 most用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词或名词, mostly大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…

79. just, very

 just表强调时是副词,作状语,very表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man

80. wide, broad

 wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad侧重于幅面的宽广broad shoulders

81. real, true

  real真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true真的,真正的,指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story

82. respectful, respectable

  respectful尊敬,有礼貌,respectable可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged

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