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【转载】从句误用辨析  

2015-05-30 12:05:16|  分类: 英语词法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自快乐英语《从句误用辨析》

从句误用辨析

 

1.中文:那人问我他何时能到达车站。

  ()The man asked me that when he could reach the station.

  ()The man asked me when he could reach the station.when可引导名词从句,不再使用that。)

 

2.中文:原因是他不知道如何去做。

  ()The reason is because he does not know how to do it.

  ()The reason is that he does not know how to do it.because不能引导名词从句。)

 

3.中文:她写的信在桌子上。

  ()The letter is on the desk which she wrote.

  ()The letter which she wrote is on the desk.(定语从句通常紧跟在被修饰词后面。)

 

4.中文:她是几个通过考试的学生之一。

  ()She is one of the few students who has passed the exam.

  ()She is one of the few students who have passed the exam.one of+复数名词+关系代词+复数动词。)

 

5.中文:圆窗户的建筑物是我们的教学大楼。

  ()The building which windows are round is our school building.

  ()The building whose windows are round is our school building.windows是属于building的,用关系代词的所有格。)

 

6.中文:那是我们去年参观过的科学博物馆。

  ()That's the Science Museum where we visited last year.

  ()That's the Science Museum which we visited last year.Science Museumvisited的宾语,要用关系代词which,而不能用关系副词where。)

 

7.中文:那是一本有蓝色封面的书。

  ()That is a book the cover of that is blue.

  ()That is a book the cover of which is blue.(关系代词的所有格用of which,不用of that。)

 

8.中文:他是我见过的最令人讨厌的讲演者。

  ()He is the most boring speaker who I have ever seen.

  ()He is the most boring speaker that I have ever seen.(先行词被形容词最高级或the only(唯一的)the same(同一的)the very(正是那个)all(全部)any(任何)no(无一)every(每一个)much()little()none(无一)等词修饰时,常用关系代词that,而不用whowhich。)

 

9.中文:掉进河里的人和马都淹死了。

  ()The man and the horse who fell into the river were drowned.

  ()The man and the horse that fell into the river were drowned.who只可代替先行词人,that可代替先行词人和物。

 

10.中文:这是你花了高价买的车吗?

  ()Is this the car for that you paid a high price?

  ()Is this the car for which you paid a high price?(关系代词作介词的宾语并放在介词之后时,只能用whomwhich;关系代词that如作介词的宾语,只可紧靠先行词,将介词放在句尾。)

 

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