注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

奥林国际英语

人格魅力来自于完善的人格,真诚待人,恪守信义则是赢得人心,产生吸引力的必要前提!

 
 
 

日志

 
 

中考英语词汇详解(R)  

2016-01-10 12:16:56|  分类: 英语精品 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
本文转载自sanfecathy《中考英语词汇详解(R)》
中考英语词汇详解(R) - 奥林国际英语 - 奥林国际英语

 rabbit n. 1.[C]兔,兔子:What a big rabbit! 多大的一只兔子呀2.[U]兔肉:Have another piece of rabbit. 再吃一块兔肉。

race n.[C,U]种族,民族:They are of many different colors and races. 他们有不同肤色,属不同种族。

race v. 1.(…)赛跑,比赛:I'll race you home. 我要与你赛跑回家。n.[C]赛跑,竞赛:I had a race with him. 我曾和他赛过跑。/ The race had begun. 比赛开始了。/ Who will win the 200-meter race? 二百米赛跑谁会赢?

【用法】主要用于速度方面的比赛,如赛跑、赛马、划船比赛等。

racket n.[C]球拍:tennis racket网球拍 / badminton racket羽毛球拍

【用法】主要指网球、羽毛球等的球拍。比较:乒乓球的球拍为paddle

radio n. 1.[C]收音机:He has two radios. 他有两部收音机。2.[U]无线电(广播)She listens to the news on the radio each morning. 她每天早上听新闻广播。/ He sent a message by radio. 他拍发了无线电报。/ The police are talking to each other by radio. 警察在通过无线电谈话。

rail n.[C,U]铁轨,铁路:Trains run on two rails.火车在两条钢轨上奔驰。/ We like traveling by rail. 我们喜欢乘火车旅行。

【考点】by rail(乘火车)这一短语中,rail不带冠词,也不用复数

railway n.[C]铁路,铁道:build a new railway 建新铁路 / an underground railway 地铁 / We went to the railway station to catch a train. 我们到火车站去赶火车。/ He's working on the railway. 他在铁路上工作。/ We walked along the railway. 我们沿着铁路散步。/ He likes traveling by railway. 他喜欢乘火车旅行。

【考点】by railway(乘火车)这一短语中,railway不带冠词,也不用复数

rain n. 1.[U]雨,雨水:The rain has stopped. 雨停了。/ The crops need rain. 庄稼需要雨水。/ We have had too much rain this summer. 今年夏天雨水太多了。vi.下雨:It rained all day long. 下了一整天的雨。/ We will go out when it stop rain. 雨停了我们便出去。/ It began to rain heavily. 开始下大雨了。/ It was a cold winter night and was raining hard. 那是个寒冬的夜晚,雨下得很大。

【考点】1.用作名词通常不可数,但表示某种具体状态下的雨,可用不定冠词(此时通常有定语修饰)There was a heavy rain last night. 昨晚下了场大雨。2.有时用复数,表示大阵雨雨季The river rises after heavy rains. 河水在暴雨后上涨。

raincoat n.[C]雨衣 I wear my raincoat when it rains.下雨时我穿雨衣。/ You must take your raincoat. 你必须穿雨衣。

rainy adj.下雨的,多雨的:In my country spring is the rainy season. 我故乡的春天是雨季。/ I don't like rainy days. 我不喜欢雨天。/ It's a very rainy place. 这是个多雨的地方。

raise vt. 1.举起,抬起,拿起:Please raise your hand. 请举手。/ This weight is too heavy; I can't raise it. 这东西太重,我举不起来。2.增加,提高:He raised his voice.他提高了嗓音。/ He raised the price of the sugar. 他提高了糖价。3.饲养,种植:The farmers raise wheat. 农民们种小麦。

【辨析】raiserise:前者为及物动词,后者为不及物动词。比较:He raised his voice. 他提高了嗓音。/ I can't raise the box. 我举不起这个箱子。/ The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。/ The river is rising after the rain. 下雨之后河水上涨了。

rapid adj.快的,迅速的:a rapid train 快车 / a rapid worker 快手 / rapid reading 快速阅读 / She made rapid progress and was soon the best in the class. 她进步很快,不久就成为班上成绩最好的学生。

rather adv. 相当,有点儿:It's rather difficult. 它相当难。/ Peter is rather stupid. 彼得相当愚蠢。/ He is rather careless. 他相当粗心。/ It's a rather sad story. 这是一个相当凄惨的故事。/ I was rather angry at what he said. 我对他说的话相当生气。/ He died after a rather short illness. 他病了不久就死了。

【短语】1. would rather 宁愿:We'd rather stay at home. 我们宁愿呆在家里。/ I would rather not tell him.我宁愿不告诉他。2. would rather...than... 宁愿()…而不愿()…I'd rather walk than take a bus. 我宁愿走路而不愿乘公共汽车。3. rather than 而不,与其不如He ran rather than walked. 他不是在走而是在跑。/ He is a writer rather than a teacher. 与其说他是教师还不如说他是作家。

【考点】1.可修饰形容词或副词的原级,也可修饰其比较级She is rather better today. 她今天好多了。2.可修饰副词too()It's rather too big. 它太大了。3.以下两句词序不同,含义相同:It's rather a good idea.=It's a rather good idea. 这可真是个好主意。

 reach v. 1.到达:We will reach Beijing tonight. 我们今晚到达北京。/ Telephone me when you reach London. 到了伦敦就给我打电话。/ He reached the station at five. 5点到达车站。 2.延伸,达到(某处)The summer vacation reaches into September. 暑假一直放到9月。/ The sound reached to the back of the hall. 声音直传到大厅后面。3.(),伸手拿或碰到:He reached (out) for the book. 他伸手去拿那本书。/ He wasn't tall enough to reach the top of the door. 他不够高,伸手碰不到门顶。4.递给:Please reach me the dictionary. / Please reach the dictionary for me. 请把那本字典递给我。

【辨析】reach, arriveget,参见arrive

read v. 1.读,朗读:I have read everything he wrote. 他的作品我全读过。/ Please read us the letter. / Please read the letter to us. 请把信念给我们听。2.读起来:The story reads well. 这个故事读起来不错。3.辨认,辩读:My son can read clock. 我儿子会看钟。

reading n.[U]阅读,读书:Reading and writing are necessary skills. 读和写是必备的技能。/ Reading gives me much pleasure. 阅读给了我许多乐趣。

ready adj. 1.准备好的:Dinner will be ready in ten minutes. 晚饭十分钟后准备好。/ Are you ready for the journey? 你准备好去旅行了吗?/ She's getting dinner ready. 她正在准备晚餐。2.愿意,乐于:He's always ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。/ He is very ready to give advice. =He is very ready with advice. 他老爱给人提建议。

【考点】后接不定式且不定式的逻辑宾语就是句子的主语时,该不定式用主动式或被动式均可:The cake is ready to eat[to be eaten].这饼可以吃了。

real adj. 真实的,确实的:Tell me the real reason. 告诉我真实的理由。/ Is the ring real gold? 这个戒指是真金的吗? / That is a real dog, not a toy. 那是一条真狗,不是玩具狗。

【辨析】realtrue的区别,见true

realize(realise) vt. 1.意识到:Suddenly he realized what was happening. 突然间他觉察到发生什么事了。/ He didn't realize his mistakes. 他没有意识到他的错误。/ She spoke English so well that I never realized she was German. 她英语说得那样好,我从未想到她却是德国人。/ Finally I realized what he meant. 最后我明白了他的意思。2.实现:His hopes were realized. 他的愿望实现了。/ His dream of becoming a policeman was realized. 他当警察的梦想实现了。

really adv.真正地,确实地:There's really nothing to be said. 的确没话可说。/ The show was really good. 表演的确很精彩。/ I'm really sorry for them. 我的确为他们感到难过。/ I'm not really interested in fishing. 我不是真正对钓鱼有兴趣。

【用法】1.在句中位置不同会导致含义不同:I really don't like her. 我确实不喜欢她。/ I don't really like her. 我不大喜欢她。2.口语中说not really,可用于表示怀疑或轻微的否定:"They got married last month." "Not really." “他们上个月结婚了。”“不会是真的吧!”/ "Are you busy now?" "Not really." “你现在忙吗?”“不怎么忙。

receive vt. 收到,得到:I received a letter from her this morning. 今天早上我收到她一封信。/ Have you received her New Year card? 你收到她的贺年卡了吗? / He started as soon as received the news. 他一接到消息就出发了。/ We received much help from our teacher. 我们得到老师许多帮助。

recently adv.最近,近来:We hear that he went abroad recently. 我们听说他最近出国了。/ I've only recently begun to learn French. 直到最近我才开始学法语。/ It happened quite[very] recently. 这是最近发生的事。

recycle v. 回收,再循环:This is called recycling. 这叫做回收。/ Steel, iron, glass, cloth and paper can all be recycled. 钢铁、玻璃、棉布和纸张都可以回收再用。

red n.[U]红色:She was dressed in red. 她穿着红色的衣裳。/ There is too much red in the painting. 这幅画红色太多。adj.红色的:He turned red with anger. 他气得涨红了脸。/ Blood is red. 血是红色的。/ He painted the door red. 他把门漆成红色。/ The sky is red when the sun rises. 太阳升起时,红霞满天。

reef n.[C]岩礁:strike a reef 触礁 / a coral reef 珊瑚礁

 refer vi. 1.谈到,提到:Don't refer to the matter again. 不要再谈这事了。/ I’ll refer to this point again. 我还会提到这一点。/ His name was referred to at the meeting. 他的名字在会上被提及。2.涉及,有关:What do these numbers refer to? 这些数字表示什么意思3.指,暗指: I don't know what he refers to. 我不知他指的是什么。

【考点】通常为不及物动词,后接宾语时,总是接介词to

refuse v.拒绝,不愿:He refused to help me. 他不肯帮助我。/ The door refused to shut.这门关不住。/ He refused the money. 他拒绝收钱。/She refused him nothing. 他要什么她就给什么。

【考点】要表示拒绝做某事,可说refuse to do sth;但要表示拒绝某人做某事,不说refuse sb to do sth,如他拒绝让我去不能译为He refused me to go,可改为He refused to let me go.

regard vt. 看作:I regard him as my best friend. 我把他当作我最好的朋友。/ He regard her as a fool. 他把她当作笨蛋。2.看待:I’ve always regard him highly. 我一向看重他。

【考点】要表示看作…”,英语通常用regard...as,其中的as不能省略,也不能改为to be

regards n.(复数)问候,致意:My father send his best regards to you. 我父亲向你问好。/ If you see him, please give him my regards. 如果你见到他,请代我向他问好.

regret vt. 1.可惜,遗憾:I regret to say that I can't help you. 很抱歉我不能帮助你。/ I regret being unable to come today. 很遗憾,我今天不能来。2.后悔,懊悔:He regretted his carelessness. 他对自己的粗心大意感到懊悔。n.[U]后悔,懊悔:I felt great regret about what I said to him. 我真的后悔对他说了那些话。/ To our regret, he left too early. 令我们遗憾的是,他离开得太早了。

【考点】表示对将要说的话感到遗憾抱歉,后接不定式(通常接的不定式有 to say, to tell);表示对已经发生的事感到后悔遗憾,后接动名词I regret to tell you that your father is ill. 很抱歉地告诉你,你父亲病了。/ I regret telling him the news. 我很遗憾告诉了他这个消息。

relative n.[C]亲属,亲戚,亲人:Is he a relative of yours? 他是你的亲属吗? / My parents and my brother are my only living relatives. 我父母和兄弟是我仅有的活着的亲人。/ Have you got any relatives in Shanghai? 你上海有亲戚吗?

relax v. (使)放松,轻松,休息:This song relaxes me. 这首歌使我心情舒畅。/ Please sit down and relax.请坐下稍事休息。/ Let's stop working and relax for a while. 我们把活停下来,休息一会儿吧。

remain v.1.留下,剩下:A few apples remained on the tree. 树上还剩有几个苹果。/ I went to the city, but my brother remained at home. 我去了城市,可弟弟留在了家里。2.保持,仍是:He remains poor[a poor man]. 他仍然很穷。/ He remained listening. 他一直在听。

remember v.1.记得,想起:Do you remember me?你还记得我吗? / I can’t remember her name. 我记不起她的名字了。/ I remember seeing him once. 我记得见过他一次。/ Remember to come on time. 记住准时来。/ Remember that we’re having visitors tonight. 记住我们今晚有客来。2.代向致意:Please remember me to your mother.请代我向你母亲致意。

【考点】表示记住将要做的事,后接不定式;表示记得曾经做过的事,后接动名词Please remember to post the letter. 请记住把这封信寄出去。/ I remember posting the letter. 我记得曾把那封信寄出去了。

 repair vt. 修理,修补:He repaired my watch. 他修好了我的表。/ Have the walls been repaired yet? 墙壁被修好没有? / My shoes need repairing[to be repaired]. 我的鞋需要修补了。/ I must have my car repaired. 我必须把车子送去修理。n.[C,U]修理:The road is under repair. 道路正在整修。/ The machine is out of repair. 这台机器坏了。/ The library is now closed for repairs. 图书馆现在闭馆整修。

【考点】用作名词时,在in need of repair(需要修理)under repair(在修理中)in (good) repair(修好)in bad repair(失修)out of repair(失修)等短语中,通常不可数,不用复数;而在during repairs(修理期间)for repairs (为了修理)make[do, carry out] repairs on[to] sth(修理某物)等短语中,通常用复数

reply v.回答,答复:She didn't reply to my letter. 她没有回我的信。/ He replied that he knows nothing about it. 他回答说关于这件事他什么也不知道。/ Be kind enough to reply early.请早日答复。n.[C]回答,答复:I have received no reply. 我没有得到答复。/ You must make a reply to the question. 你必须回答这个问题。

【考点】1.用作动词时,可及物或不及物:及物时,主要用于引出直接引语或后接that从句;若后名词作宾语,则通常要后接介词to(此时不及物)Please reply to my question. 请回答我的问题。/ He replied that he was busy. 她回答说她很忙。

report v. 1.报道:The strike was not reported in the newspaper. 报纸上没有报道这次罢工的情况。2.汇报,报告:He reported it to the teacher. 他把此事向老师作了汇报。/ The radio reports news and weather three times a day. 电台一天3次报告新闻和气象。n.[C] 报告,报道:This is your son's report card. 这是你儿子的成绩报告单。/ Did you read the newspaper report of the match? 报纸上对这次比赛的报道你看了吗?

research n.[U]研究,调查:a piece of research一项研究工作 / a research station研究中心 / research groups 研究小组 / She did research in a chemical lab. 她在一个化学实验室搞研究。/ More money should be spent on space research. 在太空研究上应多花一些钱。/ His research made slow progress. 他的研究工作进展缓慢。

【考点】是不可数名词,不能说a research, two researches等,不过有趣的是它有时也可以复数形式出现,但此时它仍不能与数词或many连用:He carried out researches into[for] the causes of cancer. 他对癌症的病因进行了研究。(www.yywords.com)

rest n.1.[U,C]休息:The workers get a rest at lunch time. 午饭时工人们休息。/ Let's stop and take[have] a rest. 我们停下来歇会儿吧。/ Rest was out of the question. 休息已不可能。2.(连用the)剩余的部分,其余的人()You can eat the rest of the meal. 你可以把剩余的食物吃光。/ She takes no interest in the rest of the world. 她对世界上其他地方所发生的事毫无兴趣。vi.休息,歇息:We rest for an hour after lunch. 我们在午饭后休息一小时。

【考点】1.用作名词通常不可数,但若表示一段休息一次休息,则可数:I never get enough rest. 我从来得不到足够的休息。/ We had several rests on our way up the mountain. 我们在上山的途中休息了几次。2.表示其余的人或物剩下的部分,其前必须有the,用作主语时,其谓语要根据它所指的内容来决定其单复数The rest of his life was happy. 他的晚年很幸福。/ Three of us will go; the rest are staying at home. 我们3个人去,其余的留在家里。

restaurant n.[C]饭馆,饭店:I'll meet you inside the restaurant. 我在餐馆里面和你见面。/ He runs a restaurant in the city. 他在市内经营一家饭店。/ We often eat at a restaurant. 我们在餐馆吃饭。/ Let's go to a Chinese restaurant. 我们去一家中餐餐馆。

result n.[C,U]结果,效果:I was pleased with the results. 我对结果感到高兴。/ What was the result of the game? 比赛结果如何? / How soon shall we know the results? 我们多久能知道结果? / We worked hard and got excellent results. 我们努力用功,获得了优异的成绩。/ We worked all day, but without (any) result. 我们工作了一整天,但毫无结果。

【短语】as a result (of) 结果,因此:He had some bad fish. As a result, he felt ill. 他吃了些变质鱼,结果感到不舒服。/ As a result of the his hard work, he got a pay rise. 由于他工作勤奋,所以他加了工资。

 return v. 1.回来,归来:He returned home very late. 他回家很迟。/ When will you return? 你什么时候回来? / He left, never to return. 他走了再也没有回来。2.归还:You must return it this week. 你必须在本周归还它。/ I have returned her the money.=I've returned the money to her. 我已把钱还给她了。n.1.[U,C]回来,归来:We look forward to your return from Japan. 我们盼望你从日本回来。2.[U]归还,退还:return of books 还书 3.[U,C]回报:I wish I could do something for you in return. 我希望我能做点什么回报你。

【考点】表示回来返回时,相当于go (come) back,所以它不能再与副词back连用,以免构成用词重复。

review v.复习:Review today’s lesson for tomorrow. 复习今天的课程准备明天上。/ The students reviewed for the exam. 学生们为考试而复习。/ Let's review Lesson Five. 我们复习第5课吧。n.[C,U]复习:They didn't have much time for a review before the exam. 考试前他们没有多少时间搞复习。

reward n.[U,C]奖赏,酬谢,酬劳:He worked hard without hope of reward. 他辛勤工作却不期待报酬。/ He gave me a reward of $100. 他给我100美元的报酬。vt.酬谢,酬劳,报答:How can I reward your kindness? 我如何酬谢你的好意呢?/ I rewarded him for his help. 我为他所给予的帮助而酬谢他。/ She rewarded the boy with $10 for his help. 她因那男孩帮助而酬谢他10美元。

【短语】in reward for 为酬答,作为的奖励:He got nothing in reward for his hard work. 他辛苦工作而无任何报酬。

rewarding adj.值得做的,令人满意的,有益的:It's a rewarding job. 这是一件值得做的工作。/ It's a rewarding book. 那是一本值得一读的书。

rice n.[U]稻米,米饭:early rice 早稻 / late rice 晚稻 / cook[boil] rice 煮饭 / half-boiled rice 夹生饭 / He grows rice. 他种稻。/ He was carrying a bag of rice. 他扛着一袋大米。/ We had meat and rice for supper.我们晚餐吃肉和米饭。/ We have a good crop of rice this year. 今年稻子获得丰收。/ The Japanese also eat rice.日本人也吃米饭。

rich adj. 1.富裕的,有钱的:He is very rich. 他很富有。/ Rich people usually live in big houses. 富人们通常住在宽敞的大房子里。2.富饶,丰富:This country is rich in oil. 这个国家盛产石油。/ The library is rich in historical books. 这个图书馆拥有大量史书。

【考点】与定冠词连用,表示富人,具有复数意义:The rich are not always happy.有钱人并不一定总很快乐。(www.yywords.com )

riddle n.[C]()Can you guess the answer to the riddle? 你能猜出谜语的答案吗?/ I will put a riddle to you, boys. 孩子们,我出个谜语给你们猜。

ride v.(马、自行车),乘车:Can you ride a horse? 你会骑马吗?/ I’m learning to ride at the moment. 我正在学骑马。/ She gets sick when she rides in a bus. 她坐公共汽车时晕车。n.[C]乘车旅行:We've had a pleasant ride. 我们骑马(或乘车)玩得很高兴。/ Can I have a ride on your bike? 我可以骑你的自行车吗? / It's about a 15-minute bus ride. 大约15分钟的公共汽车路程。

ridge n.[C]山脉

right n. 1.[U]右,右边,右方:Turn to the right!向右转!/ Keep to the right. 靠右边走。/ The post office is on the right of the road. 邮局在马路的右边。/ She is sitting on my right. 她坐在我右边。2.[C,U]权利:You have no right to do that. 你无权这样做。3.[U]正确:He knows right from wrong even though he is only five. 尽管他只有五岁,但他能够明辨是非。a.1.对,正确的:It’s not right to tell lies. 说谎是不对的。/ You were right to sell the car then.=You were right in selling the car then. 你当时把汽车卖掉是对的。2.恰当的,合适的:He is the right man for the job. 他是合适这职位的人。/ You should do the right thing at the right time. 你应该在合适的时机做适当的事情。3.右边的:His office is on the right side of the street. 他的办公室在街道右侧。/ Take a right turn at the crossroads. 在十字路口右转弯。/ Most people write with their right hands. 多数人用右手写字。ad. 1.适当地,正确地:You did quite right. 你做得很对。/ You guessed right. 你猜对了。2.恰恰,正好:The train was right on time. 列车十分准时。/ He was standing right in the middle of the room. 他刚好站在屋子中间。3.一直,直接:Go right to the end of the road. 一直走到这条路的尽头。/ You should come right home after school. 你放学后应该直接回家。4.向右:Then he turned right. 然后他向右转。

【短语】all right 很好,行,没问题:"How are you?" "Oh, quite all right, thanks." “你身体好吗?”“哦,挺好的,谢谢!”/ Is it all right if I go now? 我现在去行吗? / "Please get me today's newspaper." "All right." “请把今天的报纸给我拿来。”“好的。

rim n.[C]边,缘:The rim of the mirror is made of plastic. 镜框是塑料制的。

ring v. 1.(钟、铃等)响:按(),铃响:He went to the door and rang the bell. 他走向门前按了门铃。/ Ring (your bell) for the nurse. 按铃叫护士来。/ Who is ringing the bell? 谁在按门铃? / Did the telephone ring just now? 电话铃刚才响了吗? / The bell has rung for the class. 上课铃响过了。2.打电话:We’ll ring you up tomorrow. 我们明天打电话给你。/ He rang me (up) from American. 他从美国给我打电话。/ Please ring the number again. 请再拨这个号码。/ You must ring the hospital at once. 你必须马上给医院打电话。/ I'll ring back in ten minutes. 我过10分钟再打电话过来。n. 1.[C]按铃,铃声 He gave several loud rings at the door.他在门口使劲摇了几下铃。2.[C]电话:I'll give you a ring tonight. 我今晚给你打个电话。/ Let's give her a ring and ask her to come over. 我们给她打个电话,叫她过来。3.[C]戒指:She wore a gold ring on her finger.她的手指上戴了只金戒指。4.[C]圈,圆圈:Please stand in a ring. 请站成一个圈。/ He gave me a key ring. 他给我一个钥匙圈。

rise vi 1.上升,升起:Everyone knows that the sun rises in the east. 每个人都知道太阳从东方升起。2.上涨:The river has risen two feet. 河水上涨了两英尺。/ Prices of food is rising.食品价格在上涨。3.起立:She rose to her feet. 她站了起来。4.起床:He rises very early. 他起床很早。/ When do you rise in the morning? 你早上什么时候起床?

river n.[C]江,河:There is a bridge across[over] the river. 河上有座桥。/ They took a walk along the river. 他们沿河散步。/ Let's go swimming in the river. 我们到河里去游泳吧。/ The river flows into the sea. 这条河流入大海。

【考点】用于专有名词时,英国英语通常将River加在名称之前;而美国英语则通常将River加在名称之后,但不管是英国英语还是美国英语,在含有River的专有名词前,一般用定冠词the River Thames 泰晤士河 / the Hudson River 哈德逊河 / the Yellow River 黄河

road n.[C]路,道路:He crossed the road. 他横穿过马路。/ I’m not sure of the road. 我无法确定那条路。/ Be careful when crossing the road. 过马路要当心。/ She lives at 368 Nanjing Road. 她住在南京路368号。

【考点】表示在路上,可用介词in ()on ()Don't play in[on] the road. 不要在路上玩。/ I live in[on] Jack Road. 我住在杰克路。

rob v. 抢夺,抢劫:They planned to rob a bank. 他们计划抢劫一家银行。/ They robbed the rich to help the poor. 他们劫富济贫。

【考点】通常只用作及物动词,其宾语通常只能是人或场所,而不能是被抢的东西;要表示所抢的东西,用介词of引出,如他抢了她的钱包,应译为He robbed her of her wallet,不能译为He robbed her wallet.

robot n.[C]机器人:The cars were built by robots. 这些汽车是由机器人制造的。/ It's a real man, not a robot. 那是真人,不是机器人。

rock n.[C,U]岩石,大石头:He built his house on rock. 他把房子建在岩石上。/ The house is as solid as a rock. 这房子坚如磐石。/ The ship hit the rocks and started to sink. 那只船触礁下沉。

rocket n.[C]火箭:a space rocket 太空火箭

roll v.滚动,打滚:The ball rolled under the table. 球滚到了桌下。/ She rolled the ball toward the kitten. 她把球滚向小猫。/ Children like to roll on the grass. 小孩子喜欢在草地上打滚。/ He rolled over in bed. 他在床上翻了个身。(www.yywords.com)

roller n.[C]滚筒,辊:roller skating 滑旱冰

Rome 罗马:All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。

room n. 1.[C]房间,室:That house has ten rooms. 那房子有十个房间。/ He lives at Room 805. 他住在805房。/ Who's in the room? 谁在屋里? / Which is your room? 哪个是你的房间2.[U]空间,地方:Is there any room for me in the car? 车上还有座位吗?/ The table takes too much room. 这张桌子占地太多。

rough adj.1.粗糙的,不平的:The cloth feels rough. 这布摸起来很粗糙。/ His hands are rough with hard work. 他干粗活,手很粗。2.粗野的,粗暴的:Play nicely and don't be rough. 好好玩不要撒野。/ Boxing is a rough sport. 拳击是一项粗野的体育活动。3.狂暴的,汹涌的:A rough wind was blowing. 大风刮起来了。4.粗略的,大概的:At a rough guess I'd say he was about 45. 粗略地猜,我想他大约45岁吧。

round prep. 1. 环绕,围绕:The moon moves round the earth. 月亮绕着地球转。/ The children stood round the teacher. 孩子们围着老师站着。2. 绕过,转过:He followed me round the corner. 他跟着我拐弯。/ There’s a post-box just round the corner. 邮筒就在拐角那边。3. 四处,在的附近:Do you live round here? 你就住在这附近吗?4. 大约,大概:I’ll be back round May Day. 我将在五一节前后回来。/ He arrived round five o’clock. 他大约五点钟到。adv. 1.到处:Let's go into the hall and have a look round. 让我们进大厅转一转。2.转过来:Don’t look round. 别回头看。/ Turn the picture round. 将这幅画转过来。3.环绕地,围绕地:The hands of a clock move round. 时钟的指针绕着圈走。/ The planes are flying round and round. 飞机飞来飞去。adj.圆形的:Balls are round. 球是圆形的。/ The table was round. 桌子是圆的。/ The girl has a round face. 这个女孩的脸是圆的。

round-trip adj.来回的,往返的:He bought a round-trip ticket. 他买了一张往返票。

rubber n. 1.[U]橡胶,合成橡胶:It is made of rubber. 它是橡胶做的。2.[C]橡皮擦:Is this your rubber? 这是你的橡皮擦吗?

rubbish n.[U]垃圾,废物:I put the rubbish in plastic bag and threw it away. 我把垃圾装在塑料袋里扔了。/ Pick up the rubbish and burn it. 把垃圾捡起来烧了。/ Don't talk rubbish. 别胡说八道。

rude adj.无理的,粗鲁的:Don't be rude to your teacher. 不要对老师无礼。/ It's rude of him to say that. 他那样说是无礼的。/ It’s rude to interrupt when people are speaking. 打断人家的话是不礼貌的。/ He made a rude reply. 他的回答很不礼貌。

【考点】It's rude of you to do sth这一结构中的介词of不能换成for

rule n. 1.[C]规则,规定:You must obey the rules. 你必须服从规定。/ Do you know the rules of chess. 你知道下国际象棋的规则吗?/ Students must obey the rules of the school. 学生必须遵守校规。2.[C]习惯,惯例:He makes it a rule to get up early. 他有早起的习惯。v.统治:Who rules this country? 谁统治这个国家? / He was always ruled by money. 他总是受制于金钱。

【短语】as a rule通常:As a rule young people like beer. 一般说来,年轻人喜欢喝啤酒。/ As a rule he went home twice a week. 他通常每周回家两次。

run vi. 1.跑,奔跑:He runs fast. 他跑得快。/ I had to run to catch the bus. 我得快跑去赶公共汽车。/ We all ran to his aid. 我们赶去帮助他。2.(车船等)行驶,(溪河等)流动,(机器等)运转,(钟表等)走动:Buses run every 5 minutes. 公共汽车每5分钟一班。/ The river runs through the city. 这条河流过这座城市。/ This machine runs well. 这机器运转良好。/ Does your watch run well? 你的表准吗?

【说明】running water自来水,不能直译为在跑的水

runner n.[C]赛跑者:He is a long-distance runner. 他是长跑运动员。

running n.[C]跑步:running shoes跑鞋 / I go running every morning. 我每天早上都去跑步。

rush vi. 冲,奔跑:She rushed into the room. 她冲进房间。/ The children rushed out of school. 孩子们冲出学校。

Russia n. 俄罗斯,俄国

Russian adj. 俄国人的,俄语的:the Russian language 俄语n.1.[C]俄国人 2.[U]俄语:When did you begin to learn Russian? 你什么时候开始学俄语的?

    

  评论这张
 
阅读(16)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017