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奥林国际英语

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中考英语词汇详解(K)  

2016-01-10 12:39:19|  分类: 英语精品 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自sanfecathy《中考英语词汇详解(K)》
中考英语词汇详解(K) - 奥林国际英语 - 奥林国际英语

 K2 n. 乔戈里峰

【背景】该山为世界第二高山,高8616.3(28250英尺)1856年被命名为K2峰。该峰是喀喇昆仑山脉第二座被测高的山峰,以英国军人兼勘探者亨利·哈弗商姆·戈德温-奥斯丁的名字命名。

keep v. 1.保留,保存:I keep old letters. 我保存旧信。/ Will the tomatoes keep until tomorrow? 这西红柿能留到明天不坏吗?2.保持,继续:Please keep quiet. 请保持安静。/ He kept thinking it over.他心里老想着这件事。/ Keep straight on until you get to the church. 一直朝前走就走到教堂了。3.遵守,保守:He keeps to his promise. 他守约。/ Can you keep a secret? 你能保守秘密吗?4.供养,饲养:He keeps a dog. 他养了一条狗。/ It costs a lot to keep a family of four. 要养活一个四口之家花费很大。5.使得,(使…)保持:Illness kept her from coming yesterday. 她昨天因病没有来。/ Keep this door closed. 这扇门要经常关着。

【短语】1. keep back 阻止,后退,忍住:The police kept the crowd back. 警察使群众后退。/ She couldn't keep back her tears. 她忍不住哭了。2. keep on 继续:The rain kept on for several days. 雨一连下了好几天。/ Don't keep on asking such questions. 不要老问那样的问题。3. keep out (of) 遮挡,使不进入:The trees keep out the wind. 这些树可以挡风。/ Keep the dog out of my room. 别让狗进入我的房间。4. keep up 保持,继续:Rain kept up all night. 雨下了一整夜。5. keep up with 跟上,不落后:Try to keep up with the others. 设法不要落在别人后面。/ I had to run to keep up with the girls. 我要跑步才能跟上那些女孩子。

【考点】后接动词时要用动名词,不能用不定式,如不能说He kept to work for a whole day.(他不停地工作了一整天),应将其中的to work改为working。另外它也不能后接不定式的复合结构,即不说keep sb to do sth,如不能说He kept me to wait,应将其中的to wait改为waiting

key n. 1.[C]钥匙:This is the car key. 这是车钥匙。2.[C]键:tap the keys of a typewriter 敲击打字机的键 / Pianos have black and white keys.钢琴上有黑的和白的键。3.[C]关键,秘诀,答案:This is the key to the problem. 这是问题的关键。/ The key to good health is to eat and sleep regularly. 保持身体健康的秘诀是饮食和睡眠要有规律。

【考点】表示“…的钥匙时,其后用介词 toof均可:Have you got the key to[of] the door? 你有这门的钥匙吗?但是若用于引申义,表示答案秘诀关键等义时,其后通常要用介词to而不用ofthe key to one's success 某人成功的秘诀

keyboard n.[C]键盘:the keyboard of a piano (a typewriter) 钢琴(打字机)的键盘

kick v. 踢:The boy kicked off his shoes. 这个小男孩踢掉了鞋子。/ He kicked a hole in the door. 他在门上踢了个洞。/ The horse kicked me when I tried to ride it. 我设法骑马时,它踢了我。n.[C]踢:He gave the dog a kick. 他踢了一下这条狗。/ He shut the door with a kick. 他把门一踢,把门关上了。

【用法】汉语说踢足球,指的是进行一项体育活动,所以此时的足球”(football)前不能用冠词,并且此时的也不能用kick,而用play。比较:He played football with his classmates. 他同他的同学踢足球。/ He kicked the football out of the field. 他把足球踢出了球场。

kid n.[C]小孩,年轻人:school kids学童 / college kids 大学生 / How many kids do you have? 你有几个小孩?/ The kids are playing tennis. 孩子们在打网球。

kill v. ()杀死,()弄死:He was killed in the battle. 他战死沙场。/ He decided to killed himself. 他决定自杀。/ These flowers kill easily. 这些花很容易枯死。

kilo n.[C]千克(=kilogram),千米(=kilometer)A kilo of apple, please. 我要1公斤苹果。/ He weighs 52 kilos. 他重52公斤。

kilogram n.[C]千克:I bought 3 kilograms of potatoes. 我买了两公斤土豆儿。

kilometer n.[C]千米(公里)There are 1000 meters in a kilometer. 1公里等于1000/ They live 200 km from Paris. 他们住在离巴黎200公里的地方。

kind n.[C]种,类:hats of all kinds = all kinds of hats 形形色色的帽子 / He is not the kind of person to lie. 他不是那种说谎的人。adj. 善良的,友好的:Be kind to old people. 待老年人要亲切。/ It’s very kind of you to come here! 难得你来!/ He's kind and interesting. 他很友好也很有趣。

kind-hearted adj. 好心的:He is a kind-hearted person. 他是个心肠很好的人。

kitchen n.[C]厨房:We usually eat breakfast in the kitchen. 我们通常在厨房吃早餐。/ The kitchen was filled with a strange smell. 整个厨房有股怪味。

kite n.[C]风筝:The children were flying kites on the hill. 孩子们在山岗上放风筝。

knee n. 1.[C]膝盖:I fell and cut my knee. 我把膝盖摔破了。

knife n.[C]小刀:a knife and fork 一副刀叉 / This knife does not cut well. 这把刀不好用。/ He came at me with a knife. 他拿着一把刀向我袭击。

knock n.[C]敲,打:Someone is knocking at the door. 有人在敲门。v. 敲,打,撞:Please knock (on the door) before entering. 请先敲门再进来。/ I knocked my head on the car door. 我的头撞在汽车门上了。

know v. 1.懂得,知道,了解:I know English. 我懂英语。/ Please let me know your plans. 请让我了解你们的计划。/ I don’t know about it. 那件事我可不知道。/ She doesn't know which to choose. 她不知该选哪一个。2.认识:I have known him for more than 10 years. 我已认识他十几年了。3.能识别,能区分:He doesn’t know a friend from an enemy. 他不分敌友。

【短语】1. know of 听说:I known of him, but I can’t really say that I know him. 我听说过他,可是我并不认识他。2. know about 了解,知道的情况:I don't know about that. 那事我不知道。/ I want to know about this thing now from beginning to end. 现在我想从头至尾地了解这件事的情况。

【辨析】be known as, be known for  be known tobe known as 表示作为出名be known for 表示因为出名be known to 表示所知She was well known as an excellent dancer. 她作为一个杰出的舞蹈家非常有名。/ He is known for his poems. 他以他的诗出名。/ He is known to us as a story writer. 我们知道他是位小说家。

【考点】1. 通常一般不用于进行时。2.其后一般不直接跟不定式作宾语,除非其前有连接代()词,如不说He knows to play the piano,而说He knows how to play the piano.他会弹钢琴。

knowledge n. 1.[U]知识,学问:Knowledge is power. 知识就是力量。/ He has much knowledge of music. 他很懂音乐知识。2.[U]知道,理解,了解:It has not come to my knowledge. 这事我还不知道。/ A baby has no knowledge of good and bad. 小孩儿不解善恶。

【考点】1.是不可数名词,但有时可在其前用不定冠词表示某种程度的知识(此时a=some): He has a knowledge of history. 他懂点历史。2.要表示有关的知识,要用 the knowledge ofthe knowledge of history 历史知识

 

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