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奥林国际英语

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奥林国际教育重点英语句型讲解  

2017-10-20 16:49:16|  分类: 教育教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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奥林国际教育重点英语句型讲解 - 奥林国际英语 - 奥林国际英语
 中考英语重点句型和短语汇总

 [短语、词组归纳] 
由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理: 
一、动词+介词 
1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料… 
2.listen to…听…… 
3.welcome to…欢迎到…… 
4.say hello to …向……问好 
5.speak to…对……说话 
此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。 
二、动词+副词 
“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类: 
A.动词(vt.)+副词 
1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下 
此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。 
B.动词(vi)+副词。 
1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家 
4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立 
此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。 
三、其它类动词词组 
1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 
4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 
7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 
10. play games 
[介词短语聚焦] 
“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。 
1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。 
2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。 
3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。 
4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。 
5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。 
6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。 
7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。 
8.at + 时刻表示钟点。 
9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。 
10.of短语表示所属关系。 
11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。 
12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。 
另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。 
[重点句型大回放] 
1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…, 
2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 
3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。 
4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。 
5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内, 
6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换. 
7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。 
8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。 
9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作, 
10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式, 
11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。 
12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。 
[重点短语快速复习] 
1.kinds of 各种各样的 
2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是…… 
3. neither…nor…既不……也不…… 
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶 
5. take a seat 就坐 
6. home cooking 家常做法 
7. be famous for 因……而著名 
8. on ones way to在……途中 
9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院 
10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾 
11. wait for 等待 
12. in time 及时 
13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去 
14. just then 正在那时 
15. first of all 首先,第一 
16. go wrong 走错路 
17. be/get lost 迷路 
18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗 
19. get on 上车 
20. get off 下车 
21. stand in line 站队 
22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室 
23. at the head of……在……的前头 
24. laugh at 嘲笑 
25. throw about 乱丢,抛散 
26. in fact 实际上 
27. at midnight 在半夜 
28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快 
29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架 
30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温 
31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛 
32. have a headache 头痛 
33. as soon as… 一……就…… 
34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事 
35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事 
36. fall asleep 入睡 
37. again and again再三地,反复地 
38. wake up 醒来,叫醒 
39. instead of 代替 
40. look over 检查 
41. take exercise运动 
42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事 
43. at the weekend 在周末 
44. on time 按时 
45. out of从……向外 
46. all by oneself 独立,单独 
47. lots of=a lot of 许多 
48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再 
49. get back 回来,取回 
50. sooner or later迟早 
51. run away 逃跑 
52. eat up 吃光,吃完 
53. run after 追赶 
54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物 
55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料 
56. think of 考虑到,想起 
57. keep a diary 坚持写日记 
58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下 
59. harder and harder 越来越厉害 
60. turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等) 
61. turn off 关 
[重温重点句型] 
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语. 
前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。 
注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。” 
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing. 
这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left. 
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth. 
此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主语. 
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth. 
此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。 
5.What’s wrong with…? 
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?” 
6.too…to… 
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换. 
7.Sorry to hear that. 
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。 
[重点句型、词组大盘点] 
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 
[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。 
[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. 
[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 
2.…return it sooner or later. 
……迟早要将它归还。 
[用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。 
2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back. 
[拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。 
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气…… 
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。 
[拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有: 
no matter when无论什么时候 
nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方 
no matter who无论谁 
no matter how 无论怎么样 
4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green. 
一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。 
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。 
[拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。 
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. 
他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。 
[用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。 
2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。 
3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。 
[搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人 
nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事 
2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害 
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。 
[用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。 
[搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句 
2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事 
3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事 
4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事 
重点句型、词组大盘点 1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 [ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。 [ 搭配 ] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. [ 比较 ] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 ……

 

 

 

 

短语总结
1. It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了. 
It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了. 
2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事. 
3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事. 
4. make/let sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事. 
5. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事. 
6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事. 
7. It’s better to do sth最好做某事 
8. It’s best to do sth最好做某事 
9. enjoy 喜欢做某事 
10. finish 结束做某事 
11. keep 继续做某事 
12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事 
13. carry on 继续做某事 
14. go on 继续做某事 
15. feel like 喜欢做某事 
16. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事. 
17. forget/remember to do 与 forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事(与) 忘记/记得曾经做过事. 
18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事 
19. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过…… 
20. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事. 
21. used to do sth.过去常常做某事. 
22. What’s wong with……? …..出了问题(事)? 
23. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关 
24. be busy doing sth . 在忙于做某事 
25. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不…… 
26. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不…… 
27. such…..that…… 如此….. 以致知于不…… 
28. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间. 
29. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事. 
30. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物. 
31. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)? 
32. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事.. 
33. I don’t think that我认为……不….. 
34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢? 
35. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思? 
36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样? 
37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢. 
38. The more, the better . 越多越剧好. 
39. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事. 
40. It is said that….. 据说……
2. 315
3. 1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look  at (感官动词)+  do    
 eg  :I  like   watching  monkeys  jump  
2 (比较级 and 比较级)  表示越来越怎么样 
3 a piece of cake =easy  小菜一碟(容易) 
4 agree with sb  赞成某人 
5 all kinds of  各种各样   a kind of   一样 
6 all over the world = the whole world    整个 世界 
7 along with  同……一道,伴随……   
   eg : I will go along with you  我将和你一起去  
         the students planted trees along with their teachers  学生同老师们一起种树 
8 As soon as   一怎么样就怎么样 
9 as you can see 你是知道的 
10 ask for ……求助  向…要…(直接接想要的东西)  eg :  ask you for my book   
11 ask sb for sth   向某人什么    
12 ask sb to do sth  询问某人某事          ask sb not to do  叫某人不要做某事 
13 at the age of     在……岁时         eg:I am sixteen      I am at the age of sixteen    
14 at the beginning of ……       ……的起初;……的开始 
15 at the end of +地点/+时间   最后;尽头;末尾         eg : At the end of the day 
16 at this time of year   在每年的这个时候 
17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句    感觉/对什么有信心,自信   
   eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English   I feel that I can pass the test 
18 be + doing  表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原)  能够……     eg :  She is able to sing         She can sing       
20 be able to do sth  能够干什么   eg :she is able to sing   
21 be afraid to do (of sth   恐惧,害怕……  eg : I'm afraed to go out at night     I'm afraid of dog 
22 be allowed to do  被允许做什么 
   eg:  I'm   allowed  to  watch   TV     我被允许看电视     I   should   be  allowed  to  watch  TV  我应该被允许看电视 
23 be angry with sb  生某人的气    eg : Don't be angry with me   
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth   为什么而生某人的气 
25 be as…原级…as  和什么一样   eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 
26 be ashamed to     
27 be away from   远离 
28 be away from  从……离开 
29 be bad for  对什么有害  eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes  在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 
30 be born  出生于 
31 be busy doing sth  忙于做什么事      be busy with sth   忙于…… 
32 be careful  当心;小心 
33 be different from……  和什么不一样 
34 be famous for  以……著名 
35 be friendly to sb   对某人友好 
36 be from = come from  来自    
   eg :He is from Bejing      He comes from Bejing      Is he from Bejing ?       Does he come from Bejing ? 
37 be full of   装满……的          be filled with  充满      eg:  the glass is full of water       the glass is filled with water    
38 be glad+to+do/从句 
39 be going to + v(原)   将来时 
40 be good at(+doing) = do well in     在某方面善长, 善于…… 
41 be good for  对什么有好处  eg : Reading aloud is good for your English  
42 be happy to do             很高兴做某事 
43 be helpful to sb  对某人有好处  
    eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you  大声朗读对你有好处    
           Exercising is helpful to your bady  锻炼对你的身体有好处 
44 be in good health      身体健康 
45 be in trouble   处于困难中  eg : She is in trouble      They are in tronble   
46 be interested in   对某方面感兴趣 
47 be late for = come late to 迟到   eg: Be late for class   上课迟到 
48 be like  像……    eg : I'm like my mother 
49 be mad at     生某人的气 
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 
51 be made of  由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)   
52 be not sure 表不确定 
53 be on a visit to  参观 
54 be popular with sb   受某人欢迎 
55 be quiet  安静 
56 be short for  表**的缩写   eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 
57 be sick in bed  生病在床 
58 be sorry to do sth     be sorry for sb      eg : I am sorry for you    
59 be sorry to hear that 
60 be sorry to trouble sb      eg : I am sorry to trouble you   
61 be strict in doing  sth  严于做某事   eg : He's strict in obeying noles 
62 be strict with sb   对某人要求严格   eg: Some students are not strict with them selves   这些学生对自己不严格 
63 be strict with sb in sth    某方面对某人严格 
64 be supposed to do   被要求干什么 
65 be sure   表确定 
66 be sure of doing sth     对做某事有信心    eg: He is sure of winning     I am sure of learning English well   
67 be sure of sth  对做某事有信心    eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher   我相信我的大脑(老师) 
68 be sure that sth  对做某事有信心   eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test   我相信他能通过考试 
69 be sure to do sth  一定会做某事    
  eg: We are sure to pass the test  我们一定会通过这次考试     We are sure to learn English well  我们一定能学好英语 
70 be terrified of + 名/动doing   害怕……      
71 be terrified to do sth     害怕做某事   
72 be the same as …    和什么一样 
73 be used to doing sth  习惯做某事   
    eg: My father is used to getting up early  我爸爸习惯早起      He is used to sleeping in class  他习惯上课睡觉      
         He is used to working hard      He is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作  
74 be worth doing  值得做什么 
75 be(feel) afraid to do sth    害怕做某事           be afraid of sth     害怕某物     be afraid that   丛句     
76 because+句子        because of +短语  
     eg : He was late because he had a headache           He was late because of his headache 
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事  start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么  
     eg : Let's begin the game with the song     I begin to go home   
78 between…and…  两者之间 
79 borrow sth from sb  向……借……    lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth   借给……什么东西   
   eg : I borrowed a pen from him   he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen  
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)  表相同 
81 bother  打扰   bother sb to do sth     
 eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station   
        我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 
       the problem has been bothering me for weeks  这个问题困扰了我几个周了 
       He's bothering me to lend him money    
82 by the end of   到……为止 
83 call sb sth  eg : We call him old wang 
84 care  关心  eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来 
85 catch up with sb  赶上某人 
86 chat with sb  和某人闲谈     take sb to + 地点   带某人去某地 
87 come in  进来 
88 come over to   过来 
89 come up with  提出   eg: Can you come up with a good idea  你能想出一个好办法吗? 
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 
91 consider + doing  考虑做什么  eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou  为什么不考虑去泸州? 
92 dance to  随着……跳舞  eg : She likes dancing to the music  她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事
94 do a survey of   做某方面的调查 
95 do better in   在……方面做得更好 
96 do wrong  做错  
97 Don't forget to do sth  不要忘了做某事 
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词    不要介意…… 
99 each +名(单)每一个……    eg : Each student has many books  每一个学生都有一些书 
100 end up +doing   
101 enjoy +doing  喜欢 
102 escape from  从……逃跑   
   eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison  犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
Some gas is escaping from the pipe  有一些气体从管子里冒出 
103 expect to do sth  期待做某事 
104 fall down  摔下来      fall off  从哪摔下来 
105 fall in love with sb /sth     爱上什么 
106 far from  离某地远    eg : The school is far from my home   
107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 
108 find sb/sth +adj   发现什么怎么样?   eg : I find the book interesting  
109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 
110 fit to sb = be fit for sb  适合某人 
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了     forget doing  做了而又忘了    eg: Don't forget to go home      I forget closing door   
112 from…to…  从某某到某某    eg: From me for her   
113 get /have sth down   做完,被(别人)做……      
    eg: I have my hair cut  我理了发(头发被剪了)    
         Tom got his bad tooth pulled out  汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 
114 get a part-time job  = find a part-time  job 
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb   与某人相处得好 
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 
117 get ready for = be ready for   为什么而准备    eg : I get ready for math       I am ready for math     
118 get sb in to trouble   给某人麻烦 
119 get sb to do sth 
120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 
121 give a talk  做报告  eg:  He is give a tall 
122 give sth to sb       give sb sth   给某人某物 
123 go fish  钓鱼   go swimming  游泳 
124 go on to do  去做下一件事       go on doing  继续做这件事 
125 go out away from       go out of    
126 go to school   上学(用于专业的)   go to the school   去学校(不一定是上学)  
127 good way to  好方法 
128 hate to do  讨厌没做过的事     hate doing    讨厌做过的事  
129 have a party for sb    举办谁的晚会 
130 have a talk   听报告   谈一谈   
131 have been doing   现在完成进行时      eg :  You have been talking        You have been sleeping since   
132 have been to …(  地方)……去过某过地方          have gone to …(地方)  去了某地还没回来 
133 have fun +doing  玩得高兴 
134 have sth to do  有什么事要做   
    eg: I have a lot of homework to do  我有很多家庭作业要做      
         I have nothing to do  我没什么事情做 
135 have to do sth   必须做某事 
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth  做什么事情有麻烦 
137 have…time +doing    
138 have…(时间)…off   放……假   eg: I have month off  我请一个月得假 
139 hear sb +do/doing  听见某人做某事/正在做某事 
140 help a lot    很大用处 
141 help sb with sth one's sth  帮助某人某事(某方面)  help sb (to) do sth  帮助某人做某事 
142 hope to do sth   希望做某事 
143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) 
144 how do you like  = what do you think of     你对什么的看法 
145 if : 是否=wether    
    eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party  我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 
         He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time  tomorrow morning  他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 
146 if :如果?!-- 24en.com 中国英语学习网,中国英语第一门户 24en.com -->
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    eg:  I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain  假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州  
          If they change the plan they will let me know  假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 
          I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year  如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 
147 in one's opinion = sb think  某人认为 
148 in some ways    在某些方面 
149 in the end = finally(adv)   最后 
150 in the north of…  什么在什么的北方   (north 北     sowth 南   west 西   east 东 ) 
151 in the sun  在太阳下 
152 increase  增加       
    eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%      他们把石油价增加了3%      
          the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now 
153 instead of  +(名 ) 代替    
   eg:  I'd like an apple instead of a pear  我想要苹果,而不要梨子 
         I like English instead of math   我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学 
154 introduce sb to sb  介绍某人给某人   introduce oneself  自我介绍 
155 invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事 
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth    做某人花掉某人多少时间     
   eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework     It takes me half an hour to cook 
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth      对某人来说做某事怎么样 
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样 
159 It's +adj for sb   对于某人来说怎么样      It's  +adj  of  sb   对某人来说太怎么样 
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样          It's +adj of sb to do sth  对某人来说做某事太怎么样  
     eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English   
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth  对……  来说是个好主意 
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要   eg: It's important to me 
163 It's time to do sth     It's time for sth   到了该去做某事的时间   
     eg : It's time to have class       It's time for class   该去上课了 
164 join = take part in   参加 
165 just now  刚才 
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语     让什么保持什么样? 
167 keep out    不让 …… 进入 
168 keep sb adj  让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy   keep healthy  保持健康  
169 key to +名词    表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 
170 key to…     anser  to …              key   可以是答题或钥匙 
171 laugh at… 取笑……        eg : Don't langh at others     We langhed at the joke    
172 learn by oneslfe  自学 
173 learn from sb  向某人学习  eg: We should learn from Lei Feng 
174 learn to do sth   学做某事    
175 let sb do sth  让某人做某事 
176 Let sb down  让某人失望  eg : We shouldn't let our farents down  我们不应该让我们的父母失望 
177 live from :离某地远  
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方      居住在某地    eg: I live in LuZhou   She lives at XuanTan 
179 look after = take care of   照顾 照看 
180 lose one's way     谁 迷 路     eg : Lose your way   你迷路 
181 make a decision to do sth     决定做某事 
182 make friends with sb   和谁成为朋友    eg :  I want to make friends with you  
183 make it early  把时间定的早一点 
184 make on exhibition of oneself  让某人出洋相 
185 make sb /n +n  使什么成为什么    eg  : I made her my step moller      I made you my wife     
186 make sb /sth +adj   使某人(某物)怎么样   eg :  You must made your bed clean   
187 make sb /sth adj    使某人/某物怎么样 
188 make sb do sth  让某人做某事  eg : I made him write
我以前让他写 
189 make up      be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 
190 make…difference  to… 
191 mind sb to do     mind one's doing  介意……做什么   
192 most +名        most of +代      
193 much too +形容词 
194 must be  一定 
195 need +名词 
196 need sb do sth     需要某人做某事 
197 need to do (实义动词)    need do (情态动词) 
198 no /neithr of hate to do          no /neithr of hate doing     
199 no +名词 
200 not anymore = no more    再也不……   eg: He didn't cry any more     He cried no more    他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at all      eg: He's not tall at all    she doesn't junp far at all   
202 not…at all 一点都不 
203 not…either   表否定,也不  eg : I don't japanse either   I don't have sister, either    我也没有姐姐 
204 not…until       直到……才……   
    eg:  I didn't sleep until my mother came back      The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar   
205 offer / provide sb with sth  给某人提供 
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb   提供什么东西给某人  eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you   我给你提供水 
207 on one's way to…  在谁去那的路上 
208 on the one hand   一方面       on the other hand    另一方面 
209 on the phone = over the phone   用电话交谈 
210 on time 准时   in time  及时 
211 one day =some day =someday    一天,有一天 
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式 
213 one to another  一个到另一个    
214 over and over agin   一遍又一遍的    eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin    
215 part-time job   兼职工作     fall-time job  全职工作 
216 pay for…  付……钱           pay the bill  开钱  ,付钱 
217 please +do   
218 please help yourself 
219 pleased with sb    
220 pool into = pore into 
221 practice +doing     练习做某事 
222 prefer sth to sth  相对……更喜欢……   eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理        
prefer doing to sth  更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…  eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving  他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车 
prefer to do sth rather than do sth  宁愿做…也不愿 
   eg:  My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one  我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车 
prefer sb not to do sth  更愿意…   eg: I prefer her not to come  我不喜欢她不来 
223 pretend to do sth  装着去做什么  pretend that  从句       
   eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard  这两个骗子装着努力工作 
          He pretended that he did not know the answer  他装着不知道答案 
224 rather…than  宁可……也不……  eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher  我愿肯当医生,也不当老师 
                                         He likes dogs rather than cats  他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫 
225 regard…as    把……当作……       
    eg: Please give my best regards to your family   请带我向你的家人我最好的问候    
          I regard you as my friend   我把你当作我的朋友  
          He shows little regard for others   他不爱关心别人 
226 remid sb about sth  提醒某人什么事   remid sb to do sth  提醒某人做某事  
    eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook   他提醒我做饭 
227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么    
 eg : the pictures remind me of my school days  这照片使我想起了我的学校  
       the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother 
228 return sth to sb  还什么东西给某人 
229 say to oneself   对自己说 
230 say to sb 对某人说 
231 sb spend somemoney on sth  花了多少钱在某事上 
232 sb spend sometime with sb   花了多少时间陪谁 
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth   花了多少时间做某事 
234 sb with sb +is     sb and sb +are  
235 see sb do   看见某人做过某事     see sb doing    看见某人正在做某事 
236 seem to do/be +adj  显得怎么样    eg :  You seem to be tired       You seem to be happy   
237 send +sb sth   送给某人某物 
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去? 
239 shock 使……震惊  eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock  啊,是你呀!吓我一跳 
240 show sb sth  向某人展示某物     eg : I show her the book. 
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb  拿什么东西给某人看  eg:  Show me your pen     Show your pen to me    
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物   eg : I show the book to her. 
243 some…others…   一些……另一些…… 
244 start…with…  从……开始           begin…with…  从……开始 
245 stay away from  远离……      
     eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo  当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物 
         If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food  徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食 
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事 
247 stop sb from doing sth  阻止某人做某事 
248 stop sb(from) doing    阻止某人做某事 
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事 
250 such +名     这样  ,这种 
251 suit sb  适合某人 
252 surprise sb   使某人惊奇      to one's surprise  令某人惊奇 
253 take classes  上课 
254 take sb to 把某人带去   eg : I take you to the hospital 
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk  散步 
256 ①talk to 对谁说  eg : I talk to you             ② talk with  和谁说  eg : I talk with him    
③ talk of   谈到   eg : we talked of you      ④ talk  about  谈论关于…… 
257 talk with sb  和某人说话 
258 teach sb sth    教某人做某事 
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事 
260 tell sb sth      tell sb that 丛句       tell sb not to do sth         tell a story      
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 
262 tell sb to do sth   告诉某人做什么       tell sb not to do sth    告诉某人不要做什么 
263 tell…from… 
264 thank you for +doing 
265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… 
266 the same…(名)…as               as…(adj adv)…as  相同   
267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth   做某方面 的方法     the way to +地方  去哪的路        
     e g :  Do  you know the way to learn English         Do you know the way of learning English   
268 the way to…(地点)  到哪的路 
269 too…to…  太怎样而不能……      adj +enough to 足够…能…      so…that +丛句   太…  所以…      
     eg: He is too young to go to school  =  He is so young that he can't go to school   
       He is old enough to go to school  = He is so old that he can go to school  
270 transalte ……into……  把什么翻译成什么  eg : Trasalte English into chinese  
271 travel with sb  和某人去旅游 
272 try one's best to do sth  尽某人最大的努力去做某事  eg: I will try my best to learn English well  
273 try to do sth  想干什么,但没成功   try doing sth  想干什么,已经做过了  
     eg :He tried to climb  他想爬上去,但没成功   He tried climbing  他想爬上去 
274 try…试衣服           have a try   试一下 
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up  开大 
276 turn off 关上 ←→  turn on 打开       open  拆开 
277 upside down  倒着 
278 visit to…  参观某个地方 
279 wait for sb   等某人 
280 wait for sb to do sth  等某人做什么   wait for sb  等某人   wait for sometime  等多少时间   
   eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready  等我准备好,好吗? 
          Let's wait for the rain to stop  让我们等雨停吧 
281 wake sb up   把某人叫醒 
282 want to do sth 想做某事 
283 watch sb do sth    观看某人做某事 
284 welcome to +…(地方)    欢迎到…… 
285 what about +n /doing   eg : what about an apple   
286 what if  如果……怎么办    What if +句子    
     eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办? 
        What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办? 
287 what they will do = what to do  
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ?  有什么困难? 
289 while +延续性动词 
290 why don't you do = why not do       
291 will you please do      will you please not do   
292 with one's best = with the help of sb        在某人的帮助下 
293 with the help of sb  在某人的帮助下    with one's help     
294 work at…在某处工作 
295 work with sb  和某人一起工作 
296 would like sth /to do sth    eg : I would like to go to LuZhou  
297 would you please +do   
298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中 
299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事 
300 不定式 +v(原) 
301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj 
302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后  
303 太多 too much +不可数     too many +可数             much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词 
304 向宾语提问:Whom 
305 向地点提问:Where 
306 向方式提问:How 
307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much 
308 向可数名词提问:How many 
309 向频率提问: How often 
310 向时间段提问:How long 
311 向时间提问:what time/when 
312 向物主代词提问:Whose 
313 向职业提问:what do/does……do 
314 向主语提问: Who  

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